Application for Admission into the Nigerian Defence Academy 76 Regular Course

Journal

Journal Cover

Journal Description

ASSR is the journal of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS), NDA Kaduna. The journal has since inception served as a platform for publication of cutting-edge multidisciplinary research. It has in place the appropriate structures and processes aim ensuring high profile peer review and publication of articles that seek to change the character of human society in time and space.

Aims and Scope

The journal publishes innovative research within the arts and social sciences that include, but are not restricted to, economics, psychology, political science, history, geography, sociology, international relations, criminology, anthropology, cultural studies, law, culture, creative writing and creative industries, English, history, media and communications, music etc.

The ASSR has a reviews section, published in both the print issue and online. The book review offers a critical analysis of a book based on its content and merit. Book reviews shall have a maximum length of 1,000 words including the title, abstract, tables, figures, and references and should be submitted to the editor. The book being reviewed should not be more than three (3) years of publication of the edition.

Editorial Team

ASSR Editorial Team is composed of esteemed academics in the journal’s field from across the world. They are carefully selected by Academy to provide expert advice on major journal policy and content. They also invite, review and consider articles suitable for publication in the journal. They are committed to maintaining highest quality of publications and upholding the standard of the journal

Editorial Board

Prof UA Tar Editor-in-Chief
Dr S Wapmuk Editor
Dr BD Ekpo Business Editor
Prof BJ Ajibuah Associate Editor
Dr VS Akran “ “
Dr NT Mohammed “ “
Prof Egosa Osaghae (NIIA) “ “
Prof Robert Dode (UniUyo) “ “
Prof A Ilah (ABU) “ “
Prof MF Audu (FUL) “ “
Prof EO Eguisi (ABU) “ “
Prof EO Tanko (BUK) “ “
Prof NA Gambo (UniJos) “ “
Prof CBN Ogogbo (NARC) “ “
Prof SK Balogun (UI) “ “
Prof Ogaga Okuyade (Niger-Delta Uni) “ “
Prof Agatha Ogwu (Baze Uni) “ “

International Advisory Board

Prof Dauda Abubakar University of Michigan, USA
Prof Cyril Obi Social Sci. Research Council, New York, USA
Prof Tunde Zack-Williams University of Central Lancashire, UK.
Prof Toyin Falola University of Texas at Austin, USA
Prof Charles Abiodun Alao Kings College London, UK
Prof Chinedu Nwafor Ubah USA
Prof Kenneth C Omeje Manifold Crown Consulting Bradford, UK

Editorial Assistants

Mr J Danga

Mr D Jise

Guide to Authors

Article types

ASSR welcomes original and well researched articles in arts and social sciences for consideration. The manuscript should be concise as the topic, problem articulation, methods, results/findings and conclusion. Generally, the manuscript should not exceed 7000 words, including references (Research Articles), 4,500 words (Analyses and Reports), or 1,000 words (Book Reviews), respectively. The authors are advised to strictly adhere to the format and style of the journal by carefully reading the notes for contributors before submitting their manuscripts.

Book Reviews – should contain a short summary of the book’s contents; the main research issues covered in the book and their connection to international scientific discussions; an appraisal of the book’s theoretical framework, methods, formal weaknesses or strengths, and its contribution to the ongoing scientific debate. The book review should be headed by the following information: name and first name of the author(s), title, place of publication, publisher, year of publication, ISBN, and number of pages. It should not contain footnotes or bibliographic notes

Submission Policy

Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of ASSR shall be reviewed and considered for publication. All manuscripts submitted to the Editor for consideration must not be under consideration or published by another journal or publisher. As part of the submission process, you will be required to certify that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal.

Submission of Manuscript

The manuscripts should be sent to the Editor via email: fassjassr@nda.edu.ng

Language

All papers should be written in English and spelling should generally follow the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English. Abstracts in other languages will be printed if the author so desires, together with an abstract in English. All abstracts must be provided by the author.

Preparation of the Manuscript

Authors are strongly advised to consult a recent issue of the journal to acquaint themselves with the general layout of articles. Manuscripts should be neatly typewritten on one side only of the paper (preferably A4, i.e. 21cm x 30 cm). Double spacing must be used throughout, allowing wide margins (about 3cm) on all sides.

The paper should be prepared using the following format:

Title page

This should contain

  1. The full title, preferably of less than 20 words and containing the geographical location of the study (where necessary);
  2. A running title of not more than 48 letters and spaces;
  3. A list of up to 5 key words in alphabetical order suitable for international retrieval systems;
  4. The full name of each author;
  5. The Name of the institution in which the work was carried out;
  6. The present postal address of the author to whom proofs should be sent.
Abstract

This should be a single paragraph not more than 150 words l, a concise summary of the paper, intelligible on its own in conjunction with the title and without abbreviations or references

Main Text

Broad division in the text should be indicated and sub-headings supplied where appropriate. Sub-headings, foreign words and books titles should be italicized. Quotations of more than 40 words should be indicated in lined with the APA 7th edition system.

Maps, Tables and Diagrams

Each map, table and diagram should be set out on a separate sheet of paper and their proposed position in the text clearly mapped out. Where possible, maps should be submitted on transparency. Only clear copies of tables and diagrams are accepted in case of direct photography and their source(s) clearly stated.

Referencing

The APA style of Referencing is preferred i.e. the surname of the author, year of publication and page number(s) should be given in parenthesis.

Following the APA 7th edition, references to literature in the text should conform to the ‘name-and-date’ system; as shown in the following examples:

In the text:

  1. As earlier reported (Yusuf, 1990; Ayegba & Adejoh, 2020)
  2. According to Tar (2022), Tar and Bashir (2019, p. 15), Ayeni et al., (1990, p. 20) military assessment of terrain is centred on two aspects: Tactical and Strategic.
  3. If a number of references are cited at one place in the text, they should be arranged alphabetically then chronologically. The names of cited journals should be given in full. Certain foreign language citations may be translated in English and this should always be done where the English alphabet is not used (e.g. Russia).
Reference List:

Journal Article

Wapmuk, S. (2021). Pan-Africanism in the 21st century: African union and the challenges of cooperation and integration. Brazilian Journal of International Relations, 10(2), 284-311. https://doi.org/10.36311/2237-7743.2021.v10n2.p283-311

Wapmuk, S. & Ahmed, N. G. (2021). The impacts of the covid-19 pandemic on internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Nigeria’s north-east region. Journal of African-Centered Solutions in Peace and Security, Special Edition, pp. 52-70.

Authored Book

Tar, U.A. (2009). The politics of neoliberal democracy in Africa. I B Tauris. http://dx.doi.org/10.5040/9780755619139

Kaufman, K. A., Glass, C. R., & Pineau, T. R. (2018). Mindful sport performance enhancement: Mental training for athletes and coaches. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000048-000

Edited Book Chapter

Mbachu, O. (2020). Contemporary strategic studies and the new world order. In O. Mbachu & M. L. Yesufu (Eds.), Contemporary strategic studies: Theoretical perspectives and policy options (pp. 9–41). Medusa Academic Publishers.

Online Magazine Article

Gander, K. (2020, April 29). COVID-19 vaccine being developed in Australia raises antibodies to neutralize virus in pre-clinical tests. Newsweek. https://www.newsweek.com/australia-covid-19vaccine-neutralize-virus-1500849

Print Magazine Article

Nicholl, K. (2020, May). A royal spark. Vanity Fair, 62(5), 56–65, 100.

Online Newspaper Article

Roberts, S. (2020, April 9). Early string ties us to Neanderthals. The New York Times.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/09/science/neanderthals-fiber-string-math.html

Online Newspaper Article

Roberts, S. (2020, April 9). Early string ties us to Neanderthals. The New York Times.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/09/science/neanderthals-fiber-string-math.html

Print Newspaper Article

Reynolds, G. (2019, April 9). Different strokes for athletic hearts. The New York Times, D4.

Blog Post

Rutledge, P. (2019, March 11). The upside of social media. The Media Psychology Blog.
https://www.pamelarutledge.com/2019/03/11/the-upside-of-social-media/

Online Dictionary Entry

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Internet addiction. In APA dictionary of psychology. Retrieved April 24, 2020, from https://dictionary.apa.org/internet-addiction

Report by Individual Authors

Winthrop, R., Ziegler, L., Handa, R., & Fakoya, F. (2019). How playful learning can help leapfrog progress in education. Center for Universal Education at Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/ uploads/2019/04/how_playful_learning_can_help_leapfrog_progress_in_education.pdf

Press Release

American Psychological Association. (2020, March 2). APA reaffirms psychologists’ role in combating climate change [Press release]. https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2020/03/combatingclimate-change

Conference Session

Davidson, R. J. (2019, August 8–11). Well-being is a skill [Conference session]. APA 2019 Convention,
Chicago, IL, United States. https://irp-cdn.multiscreensite.com/a5ea5d51/files/uploaded/APA2019_ Program_190708.pdf

Dissertation From a Database

Horvath-Plyman, M. (2018). Social media and the college student journey: An examination of how social media use impacts social capital and affects college choice, access, and transition (Publication No. 10937367). [Doctoral dissertation, New York University]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.

Preprint Article

Latimier, A., Peyre, H., & Ramus, F. (2020). A meta-analytic review of the benefit of spacing out retrieval practice episodes on retention. PsyArXiv. https://psyarxiv.com/kzy7u/

Webinar

Kamin, H. S., Lee, C. L., & McAdoo, T. L. (2020). Creating references using seventh edition APA Style [Webinar]. American Psychological Association. https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/tutorialswebinars

Film or Video

Docter, P., & Del Carmen, R. (Directors). (2015). Inside out [Film]. Walt Disney Pictures; Pixar Animation Studios.

TV Series Episode

Dippold, K. (Writer), & Trim, M. (Director). (2011, April 14). Fancy party (Season 3, Episode 9) [TV series episode]. In G. Daniels, H. Klein, D. Miner, & M. Schur (Executive Producers), Parks and recreation. Deedle-Dee Productions; Fremulon; 3 Arts Entertainment; Universal Media Studios.

YouTube Video

Above The Noise. (2017, October 18). Can procrastination be a good thing? [Video]. YouTube.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQMwmBNNOnQ

Radio Broadcast

Hersher, R. (2020, March 19). Spring starts today all over America, which is weird [Radio broadcast]. NPR.
https://www.npr.org/2020/03/19/817237429/spring-starts-today-all-over america-which-is-weird

Podcast Episode

Santos, L. (Host). (n.d.) Psychopaths and superheroes (No. 1) [Audio podcast episode]. In The happiness lab with Dr. Laurie Santos. Pushkin Industries. https://www.happinesslab.fm/season-2-episodes/ episode-1

Infographic

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Data sharing [Infographic]. https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/ data-sharing-infographic.pdf

PowerPoint From a Classroom Website

Mack, R., & Spake, G. (2018). Citing open source images and formatting references for presentations [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas@FNU. https://fnu.onelogin.com/login

Tweet

Obama, B. [@BarackObama]. (2020, April 7). It’s World Health Day, and we owe a profound debt of gratitude to all our medical professionals. They’re still giving [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/ BarackObama/status/1247555328365023238

Open Educational Resource

Fagan, J. (2019, March 25). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved January 7, 2020, from https://www.oercommons.org/authoring/53029-nursing-clinical-brain/view

Webpage

Chandler, N. (2020, April 9). What’s the difference between Sasquatch and Bigfoot? howstuffworks.
https://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/strange-creatures/sasquatch-bigfootdifference.htm

Webpage on a News Website

Machado, J., & Turner, K. (2020, March 7). The future of feminism. Vox. https://www.vox.com/ identities/2020/3/7/21163193/international-womens-day-2020

Webpage With a Retrieval Date

Center for Systems Science and Engineering. (2020, May 6). COVID-19 dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Johns Hopkins University & Medicine, Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved May 6, 2020, from https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html

Proofs

When proofs are received, they should be carefully corrected and returned to the Editor with the least possible delay.

Off-Prints

In lieu of off-prints, a copy of the Journal will be sent to the Principal Author.

Copyright

In consideration of the copy of Arts and Social Science Review (ASSR) supplied, the author(s) assign to the publishers the copyright of the paper.

Assessment and Publication Fees

Papers sent for consideration for publication should be accompanied by an assessment fee of N10,000.00 only. On acceptance of a paper for publication, contributors will be required to pay a publication fee of N10,000.00 only.

Business Correspondence

Correspondence concerning copyright, back issues, advertising and sales to libraries should be addressed to the Business Manager, Arts and Social Science Review (ASSR), P.M.B. 2109, Kaduna, 800001, Nigeria.

Peer Review Process

ASSR adopts a double-blind review process. Authors and reviewers’ identities are not disclosed to ensure an objective technical review of all submitted manuscripts. To ensure objectivity and anonymity during the manuscript review, the authors are requested to remove details indicating their names, affiliations, email addresses, and addresses linking them to ORCHID, Scopus, Google Scholar, LinkedIn, Research ID, Research-gate etc. Two or three experts review an article and submit their reports.

Guide to Reviewers

ASSR editors select potential reviewers based on their expertise in research areas relevant to the manuscript under consideration. Reviewer invitations are sent by email by the Editor. Reviewers reserve the right to accept or reject invitations. A reviewer should accept an invitation only if he/she has the knowledge, time and objectivity necessary to provide an unbiased assessment of the research. During the peer review process, you will not know the authors’ names, and your name will not be shared. Your review report will be shared with the author.

Competing Interests and Conflict of Interest

Competing or conflict interest is anything that interferes that could interfere with a thorough and objective assessment of a manuscript. This could include: familiarity with the work and/or the likely author; previous collaboration with the author; benefiting from the work submitted to you for review either directly or indirectly. Do not accept a review assignment if you have competing interest or conflicting. If you’re unsure whether your relationship qualifies as a competing interest, contact the journal team for advice.

During the review process, reviewers are guided by the review form provided to them by the editor. Fundamentally, reviewers provide scientific assessment of the paper and consider its suitability for publication. Focus is also on the adequacy of content: presentation, novelty, and accessibility of the content. Their comments and suggestions generally provide the direction for the improvement of the manuscript.

The reviewers provide the following recommendations for decisions to be taken on manuscript: Accept without revision(s), Accept with minor revision(s), Accept with major revision(s), Reject with the option to Resubmit, or Reject. If reviewers recommend that revisions are required, they must furnish the author/s specific guidance regarding those revisions. Also, they must indicate their willingness to review the paper after revision. If there is a tie for a manuscript, the editor will solicit one reviews as a tie-breaker. The editor will have the final decision for the acceptance and rejection of the paper.

Reviewers are expected to submit reports within two weeks of acceptance to review.

Criteria for Acceptance and Rejection

For the manuscript to be accepted for publication, it must be recommended by two or three referees; address the comments and suggestions of the referees; follow the ethical standards and protocols; follow journal format and style; pass Plagiarism Detection Test and Grammarly Rating and be endorsed for publication by the Editorial Advisory Board.

Journal Frequency

ASSR is a biannual publication that comes out June and December.