The Degree programme of Biological Sciences in the NDA commenced in October 1986 with a total of 31 cadets and 5 academic staff. The Department started with Zoology and Botany. This was followed with the introduction of Biochemistry, Microbiology, Biological Warfare and Biotechnology in 1988, to reflect the requirements of the Nigerian Armed Forces. In 1989, the academic programme in the Department was expanded with emphasis on Applied Biology in such areas as Parasitology, Hydrobiology, Plant Physiology, Virology, Bacteriology, Applied Biochemistry, Animal Physiology and Genetic Engineering.
As part of the requirement for obtaining a Bachelors Degree in Biological Sciences, the cadets are expected to carry out a final year research project to be defended before an External Examiner, according to the NUC guidelines and regulations.
The Dept produced the first set of graduates in 1990. In 2005, the department commenced Postgraduate training at the M.Sc and PhD levels.Currently the Department has a total of 25 Academic staff and 18 non-Academic staff.